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Dividing Lotus Tubers in the Bee Garden

Sharing your garden with all the bees, butterflies and other pollinators is a true joy. It gives us a look into the world of these fascinating insects. One of my favorite activities is developing a water feature and growing Lotus tubers in my bee garden. These flowers are usually very large and quite impressive in the garden.

Lotus flower in bloom in bee garden image.

Growing Lotus Flowers for Bees

Lotus plants are different than the other types of flowers in my garden. Perhaps that is part of the appeal.

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The large flat leaves and tall stalks bearing beautiful flowers have been a part of my water gardens for years. Although drawn to this plant by its unique physical beauty, I have another reason for growing lotus.

My honey bees and other pollinators absolutely adore the nectar rich blooms. It is not unusual to see a bee “traffic jam” inside one of the huge blossoms.

Bees collect pollen to raise young bees and nectar is used to make honey. The lotus plant offers both to those willing to do the work.

Lotus bloom with bee - lotus flowers for bee garden divide during winter image.

Winter Lotus Maintenance

Lotus can be started from seeds but that is quite an undertaking. Easy to keep once established, lotus plants are easiest to grow from tubers.

There are many varieties and lotus tubers are not inexpensive. They also must be planted while dormant and that usually means during Winter !

My lotus are grown in large tubs or pots instead of being placed directly in the small ponds. The tubers will run wild given the chance and I would rather keep them contained.

Every 2 years or so, I will heave the root ball out of the growing pot and divide my lotus tubers. It is a smelly, dirty job but important to maintaining nice blooms.

This division helps to maintain a vigorous, blooming plant. And, I have some extra tubers to sell or share with others.

This means dividing lotus plants during January. Pond or tub water can be rather cold in January – even here in upstate South Carolina.

Crowded lotus tubers in bottom of bee garden pond image.

Dividing Dormant Lotus Tubers

The mucky job begins with the removal of most of the water from this particular water feature. This lotus is grown in one of those plastic cement mixing tubs. See here on Amazon.

It is a shallow container (which is desirable) and has rounded corners. A Lotus plant can suck up a lot of water during the Summer.

Therefore, I created a small pond about 4 ‘ x 4 ‘ and 2 ‘ deep to keep this plant well watered. A great idea until it is time to remove the heavy wet pot !

Heavy lotus tuber pot in tractor scoop image.

With the help of our tractor, I moved the heavy pot of lotus tubers to the compost pile.

Once, the plant material is dumped from the container – little soil will remain. Instead there will be a tight mass of roots etc. A beautiful if somewhat yucky sight, lotus tubers on the bottom of the root mass.

Lotus tuber root ball turned upside down image.

Each one of these tubers has the capacity to grow into a blooming lotus plant. Which will provide food for my bees in the years to come.

I harvest the largest tubers and do not try to save every one. Care must be taken to not break the growing point on the end. This work requires caution and getting your hands dirty.

Lotus tuber tips to divide for more bee flowers image.

These tubers are from another lotus tub in my bee garden area. It is a larger type of plant and you can easily see the “growing tips”.

Once the root mass has been dumped out of the tub, I proceed with caution to harvest the larger tubers too without breaking off growing tips.

The growing tip is the beginning of a new lotus plant. If you break it off, the tuber will not grow another! You must be VERY careful.

Exposed lotus tuber tips during a divide and replant in a tub of dirt image.

After refilling my plant container with about 6″ of fresh soil (red mud – in my area), I gently place 2 lotus tubers in the center of the pot. Why 2? In case, I break the tips off one without realizing it.

I do not bury the tubers but I do want them to stay in contact with the soil. Tubers float!

Therefore, I gently weigh down the tubers with a rock to keep them in contact with the soil. Take care to leave the growing tips exposed.

new divided lotus in pot in bee garden pond image.

The original container is carefully lowered into the small water feature. Water is added until the pond is deep enough to cover the container, tubers and growing tips.

I could completely fill the small pond if I wished but I will leave it for the rain to complete my work. The tuber will not begin to grow until warmer temperatures arrive.

Most of my small water features also serve as a water source for the bees. Providing water for your hives is a great way to keep them closer to home. Provide a shallow area with pebbles or rocks so your bees can safely land and drink. This enhances the bee friendly aspect of any garden.

Admittedly, this is not a very pretty sight to behold at present. But… it will be. In a few months, the lotus plant will begin to grow.

Roots will be established in the new soil, a few floating leaves will emerge and lie flat on the surface. Eventually, standing leaves will appear and give this plant a distinctive look.

Honey bee  foraging on lotus flowers image.

Then one day, a stalk with a large bud will appear. It will grow larger and larger until… the beautiful lotus bloom will open to greet the day.

Consider trying a couple of lotus in your bee gardens this year. You can order tubers online and that is the best way to get started with this extraordinary plant.

Conclusion:

There are many ways to grow lotus, divide lotus and even “eat lotus”. I am not an expert in lotus propagation. However, this method of dividing lotus tubers works for me. When you are planning your bee gardens this year, consider giving this unusual plant a try.

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