Choosing Flowers That Attract Honey Bees
Choosing flowers that attract honey bees to your garden is a wise choice for any homeowner. This is a great way to help honey bees and other pollinators. Choose a location well away from narrow sidewalks and play areas for flowers that attract bees. This reduces the chance of accidental stinging.
Honey bees are not aggressive away from the hive. But, they will defend themselves.
I have a motto, “If I have to dig a hole to plant something it better feed the bees”. Honey bees, bumble bees and other pollinators benefit from a variety of nectar and pollen sources.
Each type of flowering plant produces nectar or pollen with different vitamins, minerals etc. Healthy bees need diversity in food sources.
Even if you can’t be a beekeeper, you can still help the bees. Choose flowers that attract bees or butterflies for different parts of your landscape.
The selection is not limited to small plants. Trees that produce nectar are a valuable bee forage solution. Container gardening can also make a good contribution to nectar supply. City dwellers provide a much needed food supply to urban honey bees.
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What About Wild Flowers That Attract Honey Bees?
You may wonder why you need to plant for bees? Don’t wild flowers and native plants attract bees and provide food and cover ? Yes, they do. Unless you live in the city, you can likely look around and see many plants and flowers of all sizes.
One important consideration is that not all blooming flowers produce pollen or nectar. Many plants have a short bloom time.
Pollen is an essential protein source for bees. Early blooming daffodils are beautiful harbingers of Spring but produce no nectar. So honey bees are at the mercy of the natural bloom cycle and environmental pressures.
In these situations, even a few flowers that attract honey bees to your garden can make a big difference.
Native Flowers That Attract Honey Bees
In upstate South Carolina and many other parts of the country, there is a major blooming season. This is a season of plenty when the bees have an abundant supply of nectar producing flowers. Red Bud, Blueberry, Henbit, Blackberry and others bloom in the same time frame in my area.
I could have 200 beehives on site during this heavy flow. But there are some times of the year when the site might not feed more than 20 hives.
The takeaway point is that most flowering bee plants do not bloom all summer long. Planting flowers that attract honey bees may help small colonies in peril. Also, nectar producing flowers that bloom throughout the summer are better than having all of them bloom at once.
Choosing What to Plant
Plants and flowers that are beneficial to bees can be planted throughout the year in most locations. Fall is a great time to install large plants such as trees.
When we are planning for pollinators don’t forget to think BIG. It is not just small blooming plants that provide nectar. Trees may bloom for a shorter time frame but they can produce large quantities of food.
Your tree selection will of course depend on the climate or planting zone where you live. Some common trees that provide the best flowers for bees are in our area are : American Basswood, Southern Magnolia, Sourwood, Cherry, Red Bud, Crabapple, Serviceberry and Tulip Poplar.
Chose a tree that is suitable for your growing conditions. In just a few years (or sooner), you will have a bee buffet in your backyard.
If you do not have room to add trees, you can still help the pollinators. Sedums can be found in most garden center.
My honeybees seem to enjoy the variety “Autumn Joy”. Sedums are an ornamental easy to care for plant. They are drought tolerant and thrive on neglect. Autumn Joy sedum offers a food source when other plants have dried up due to lack of rain.
Choose Pollen Producing Flowers For Bees
Avoid plants that have highly hybridized. These plants are developed to look beautiful and not produce seed. (Some homeowners dislike messy seed pods). While this may look great in your garden, these plants produce much less to no pollen.
Where to Purchase Bee Friendly Plants
Your local garden center is a great place to begin your search when planting flowers that attract bees. Even if there selection is small, they will be familiar with growing conditions in your area. Another great resource is online ordering with its great variety.